Mushrooms would be the exposed fleshly fruiting body of some natural fungi which are widely distributed with a wide range of shape, color, and sizes. The plants are very wealthy in protein, vitamins, essential amino-acids, and carbohydrates. Mushrooms are lower in fat and the fiber is starch-free.
Mushroom production is quite different from growing another existing green plant; the reason being it generally does not contain any chlorophyll and therefore rely on other plants material, the substrate for food.
Growing mushrooms takes a good knowledge and some skill but the advantages far overshadow the efforts involved.
Steps in mushroom production
1. Choosing a growing medium 2.Pasteurizing or sterilizing the medium 3.Seeding the beds with spawn (material from mature mushrooms grown on sterile media 4.Maintaining optimal temperature, moisture, and other conditions for mycelium growth and the conditions that favors fruiting 5.Harvesting, packaging, and selling the mushrooms 6.Clearing the facility and beginning again.
The best mushrooms to be produced
White mushrooms: – like all mushrooms, grow from microscopic spores, not seeds. Spores to be utilized should be collected in the nearly sterile environment and then used to inoculate grains or seeds to produce spawn(the spawn is much like seed that produce mushroom),because mushrooms have no chlorophyll, they should get each of their nutrients from organic matter in their growing medium called substrate usually formulated of numerous materials such as straws, cotton seed, gypsum, corn cobs, cocoa seed hulls, etc. Buy k2 spray Online the substrate is where in actuality the mushrooms will fruit and should be sterilized or pasteurized in order to destroy any fungal or bacterial competitors.
Preparation of the substrate takes about 1-2 weeks. The spawn worked into the substrate and the growing take invest specially constructed houses, where heat and humidity may be regulated. In 2-3 weeks, the substrate becomes filled up with the basis structure of the mushroom called mycelium.At that time, peat moss is spread over the compost the temperature and humidity of the room should be carefully controlled to ensure that the mycelium to develop fully. Eventually, tiny white protrusions form on the mycelium through peat moss called pinning.The pins continue to cultivate, becoming the mushroom caps, which would be the fruit of the plants. It requires 17-25days to produce mature mushrooms after the peat moss is applied. Sizes are no indication of maturity in mushrooms. Ripe ones vary from small buttons to large caps. Each crop is harvested over a period of several weeks. The harvested mushrooms are occur carts, refrigerators, and then packaged and shipped quickly to food processors, supermarkets, and restaurants. All the method from enough time of preparing the substrate till the mushrooms harvested and shipped takes about 3 months.
Oyster mushrooms: – they might need more humidity and outdoors than the white variety. They grow well on a variety of agricultural and wood waste products including hardwood chips, chopped cereal straws or corn cobs. After the growing medium is pasteurized and cooled, then inoculate, that is mixed with spawn and packed right into a plastic bags. Holes are punched in the bags to permit the mycelia to breathe and the bags are hung up or set on racks in the growing rooms. After about 14 days, the mushrooms pop out through the holes and may be harvested.
Shiitake mushrooms: – are grown on logs, either inside or outside. They may also be grown on compressed sawdust logs or in bottles or bags. The logs are carefully handled in order to avoid soil contact and injury to the bark, which will help to prevent contamination by competing fungi. Inoculate the logs with spawn, after inoculation; the spawn develops a thread-like network called mycelium growing through the log. During this period, you need to protect the logs from dehydration by sunlight and wind. Spray or mist the logs to keep up the humidity necessary to keep the mycelium alive and growing. The mycelium will initiate tiny pinheads at the top of the log. The pinheads grow into mushrooms next couple of days. Harvest should be done after to earn the very best price for the mushrooms.